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Ceiling Fans in a Pergola, Gazebo or Lanai

This is a great video showing how to install a ceiling fan using this special junction box.

Here are examples of how you can install a ceiling fan in an uncovered location such as a Pergola, Gazebo or Lanai. To install the fan properly, the canopy needs to be covered. The rest of the fan can be exposed directly to rain. In most cases, a box has been built with a junction box inside. This allows the fan canopy to mount flush to the bottom of the box. You can also mount the j-box to the bottom of a wide board and attach the canopy to the junction box, but there will be a gap between the j-box and fan canopy, but you cannot use this method for flush mount fans because the bracket needs to mount to a flat surface.

Uncovered outdoor locations like these require Wet Rated Outdoor Ceiling Fans

Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 1 Example #1: J-box is built into a box and the canopy of this 52" Quorum Estate wet rated ceiling fan is flush with the bottom of the box.
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 2 Example #2: Flush mount fans like these two Minka Aire Concept II Wet ceiling fans must have a box built big enough to cover the top of the fan.
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 3 Example #3: This example shows the junction box mounted to the bottom of a board.
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 4 Example #4: Here's an attractive box built to hang for this Traditional Outdoor Ceiling Fan in Bronze.
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 5 Example #5: Another boxed in application
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 6 Example #6: j-box cut into bottom of board
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 7 Example #7: j-box cut into bottom of circular board. See similar Lantern Ceiling Fans.
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 8 Example #8: This is an example of how NOT to install an outdoor fan, particularly a flush mount fan. This can allow rain to get inside the motor and ruin the fan or short it out and cause a fire. See Wet Rated Flush Mount Outdoor Ceiling Fans
Ceiling Fan in Pergola - Example 9 Example #9: The image on the left shows how the wiring inside the canopy would be directly exposed to rain if left installed this way. The solution was to build a box between the joists and relocate the position of the fan. The fan picture is the Minka Aire Gauguin Model F581-BG.